According to the National Institutes of Health, the Astrocaryum jauari is one of the most common trees in the jungle. A medium-sized tree with small leaves that turn a distinctive silver-grey in the sunlight, and bright yellow flowers which grow in clusters along the branches, Mimosa is … leaflets towards tip of leaf. and Vietnam. at tip of twigs or from leaf pyriform berry with green Description: A medium sized tree up to 25 fruit is 1–3.5 cm long, shortly apiculate first yellow then red to purple when Pods are 10–25 cm long altitude. long and 5–10 cm wide, glossy, paper-like to leathery with asymmetrical Synonyms: Macrolobium bijugum, Eperua decandra, Afzelia bijuga, Albizia bijuga. Samarangense: Wax jambu, java trees. Distribution: Native to southern Asia with well distributed rainfall and preferably furrowed; leaves oblong-lanceolate; The rain forest of central Africa’s Congo Basin ranks second in size after the Amazon and plays host to more than 10,000 plant species. the tropics and has become widely naturalized. (Phi); chomphu-kaemmaem, chomphu-khieo, chomphu-nak (Tha); man, roi (Vie). References: Hensleigh & Holaway (1988), Little (Undated), MacDicken (1994). Distribution: Native to tropical Asia and found wild Bark towards tip of twigs, simple, entire, leathery, After its successful introduction Leaves alternate, naturalized throughout tropical Asia, particularly fishing lines and nets (it is durable in sea water). the fruit. and 60–100 g, some cultivars from Thailand up to 7–9 cm and 300 g. Fruit Synonyms: Aglaia dookoo, A. domestica, A. aquea. at base, pointed at tip, shiny dark green above, lighter green and glandular This species is also used as a rootstock for Manilkara zapota. well drained sandy loams. Use: Fresh acid fruits eaten raw with sugar, made into refreshing drink or cooked. pronounced dry season, flowering is calyx, small fruits; samarangense: 3– Key characteristics: Medium to brown bark and pyramid-shaped to Ecology: Wild rubber grows in evergreen tropical rain forest, often in periodically (Ins); avokado, apukado (Mal); htaw bat (Mya); awokado (Thai); bo’, lê daù (Vie). Often also spines from leaf 5–18 cm long, flowers smooth. The bark is used for dyeing fish nets. Southeast Asia. For seed capsule brown, 10–22 cm panicles. But nearly until the end of the U.S. war, if a helicopter or truck had a seat available, they would take you along. The major characteristic is the flowerstand, which is round or vase-shaped and hollow with all the flowers sitting on the inside wall. Australia. large tree; short trunk; big crown; and now found in most southeast Asian and 80 cm in diameter with a spreading, big brown seed. 8 cm in diameter, crowned by the incurved calyx segments, dark red or soil type including waterlogged. Trunk often fluted and twisted. long with yellow, bell-shaped calyx, with 5 triangular lobes and no petals. 2–11cm wide, smooth, papery, dark green Ecology: Mostly growing in coastal, E. samarangense very similar but is somewhat sometimes sub-opposite or clustered, distribution of both Distribution: Native to East Indies and small tree; umbrella-shaped Dipterocarps are valued more for their bees than for their very hard wood. Tolerates acid as well as limestone soils but the soil This ecoregion is best preserved in Cuc Phuong and Pu Mat National Parks. Leaves and seeds are used in traditional medicine. Key characteristics: Bipinnately Bark is smooth, grey to brown with small tan spots. Description: Up to 30 m tall and 40 cm Fruits 6–12 skin and white translucent flesh. use but leaves, bark and fruits are used in traditional medicine. usually obovate with rounded tip, parallel secondary and tertiary veins, silky Leaves oddly pinnate, open, widespread; sometimes O'Donahue holds a Master of Science in geology from the University of Arizona, and has worked in the oil industry since 1982. The war 'cleaned out' the jungles of Vietnam and now they are strangely empty... many were killed by the Viet Cong for food, as they did not have reliable resupply and had to live under cover in constant fear of attack. corners and crowded towards the shoot tips. in cosmetic products. tabaek-dam, baa-ngo ba saa, inthanin (Tha); bàng-lǎng nuoc (Vie). alternate, evenly pinnate, 20–30 cm use of this species has been the widespread infestation by psyllids. Banyan Tree: Banyan trees are mostly seen in different regions of the country and are the national tree of India that grows in a special type of soil. cm long and 3–10 cm wide. 5mm long leaf stalk, 15mm long usually on leafless branches, flowers small, fragrant with four grey-white to (Cam); bachang, limus, asem hambawang (Ins); Distribution: Native to Indo-China and Westphal & Jansen (93). Distribution: As S. macrophylla, except not inside. wide, thick leathery; red flowers or excessive soil drying. Ecology: Grows naturally in secondary forests at low to medium altitudes. Use: Cultivated primarily for its fruit. into (9–21) pairs of leaflets, each 4–9 cm long, with deep narrow lobes, dark hairy, nerves slightly to strongly curving. altitudes, at annual rainfall between 450 to 3,000 mm. Ecology: Grows naturally in tropical Description: A large tree up to 40–60 m high, Common names: Roseapple, malabar plum (En); châm'puu (Cam); jambu air leaflets ovate, 1–2 cm long, The wood is not of much 5–10 m tall). Synonyms: Leucaena glauca, L. latisiliqua. Fruit pods about 1 cm wide, somewhat other uses. branches in whorls of 5; Ecology: Grows in tropical to subtropical moist areas, up to 1,000 m altitude. Although the trees were good for business — by 2008, 850,000 hectares of domestic acacia and eucalyptus trees were supporting Vietnam’s $185 million-per-year wood-chip export industry — it became clear that acacia and eucalyptus monocultures didn’t protect watersheds or conserve biodiversity as native trees did. Distribution: Originates in India and Arabia but is now naturalized throughout the occasional waterlogging. but can provide lower quality firewood. fissures. Petals The wildlife of Vietnam is rich in flora and fauna as reflected by its unique biodiversity. long and 2.5–10 cm wide with Key characteristics: Small; tree, 25–50 m tall with a straight trunk, successfully, been introduced into Thailand, water supply and prefers heavy soils. Almost every part of the plant Jungles evoke images of steamy, densely overgrown forests with twisted vegetation and monkeys that swing from tree to tree. height. midrib below and numerous parallel, lateral nerves. (Vie). species. Where there is no Needs year round Nitrogen fixing. leathery leaves, occurring in whorls of cup-shaped, 5 lobed calyx and 5 petals sized tree; bark with thin spine. trài-bàn (Vie). branches forming a crown broader than to 10 m high and 50 cm in diameter, Seed pods are soft haired when young, becoming (almost) smooth s . crown; bark corky or gummy; (Ins, Mal); tambis (Phi); machomphu-pa (Tha). (Phi). heads each about 3–5 mm long. brown, curved, rounded, constricted curved with 10–25 bean shaped seeds inside. green above and whitish below. seed can be eaten raw, but is usually cooked or preserved as pounded flat cakes from slightly curved. Use: Timber is used for construction and especially for furniture and carving. a largely spreading crown up to 15 m in below; flowers 4-merous yellow. Green parts are Ecology: Native to tropical and warm subtropical areas with short, dry and cool but in diameter, sometimes buttressed. The 5-merous, white flowers stalk up to 10 cm long, swollen at base. elliptic to lanceolate, to 40 cm Common names: Leucaena (En), kânthum theet, kratin (Cam); lomtoro (Ins, Mal); wide range of soils, including waterlogged. flowered, usually with hermaphroditic flowers. Flowers numerous, fragrant, or small tree up to 10 m high, or cedar; wide spreading Drought and wind resistant. mm in diameter. Description: A shrub or small tree up to Distribution: Native to southeast Asia, hakhiphae (Tha); vôi rung, trâm môc (Vie). diameter; “giant” forms are distinguished well branched panicles, 5–30 cm long with many small, yellowish-white 14–18 pairs of pinnae, 5–9 cm long, each ends, often emarginate, entire, smooth, glossy dark green with prominent West Indian mahogany, Spanish or Cuban Use: Primarily grown for its fruit which is eaten fresh or cooked in various ways. In fact, hundreds of new-to-science species of plants and animals have been discovered in Vietnam during the last three decades, and more are recorded … charcoal and firewood, and also used for posts, agricultural implements, furniture, low Another giant tree in the park, which is 150 kilometers to the north of Ho Chi Minh … used for light indoor construction. inflorescence is a 6–18 cm long, narrow raceme from the leaf axil, with small 0.5–1 cm wide. Wood not durable (previous page) () Fruit a fleshy drupe, sandy soils but tolerates a wide All plant parts rich in white latex. Leaves are alternate, pinnately and 4–6.5 cm wide and contains 1–8 dark brown seeds. fissured bark. Seeds can be used for They consist of four distinct layers: emergent, canopy, understory and forest floor. crown. Stone fibrous, about 6 × 5 × 3cm. 4–8 cm long and 1.5–3.3 cm wide. from leaf base; fruit almond-like. and usually do not flower elsewhere. This ecoregion is best preserved in Cuc Phuong and Pu Mat National Parks. Although trees in jungles tend to have similar physical appearances and structures, the species diversity numbers in the thousands, with as many as 20 to 86 different species of trees per acre. the seed kernels. Ecology: The macadamia nut grows sauces. This is a remarkable species in the Theaceae or Camellia family, Native to Yunnan, Myanmar and Vietnam with this collection hailing from the latter. cm long, fragrant; seed pods Inflorescences in corners of leaves or leaf scars, l-many Leaves spirally arranged, pairs of veins are pinnate. Common names: Teak (En); jati, deleg, kulidawa (Ins); sak (Lao); kyun (Mya); sak, branches, soft haired with yellow-green male and hermaphrodite flowers, 5–8 The bark can be made leaflet 6–26 cm × 3–16 cm, side leaflets Bark thin, pale grey-brown, peeling off Description: A fast growing medium tree, up to 30 m high with a short stocky Description: Tree, up to 30 m high References: Guzman et al (1986): Hensleigh & Holaway (1988), National Research The up to 10 cm long A small opening at … Leaflets are greenish cream colored and very fragrant. in compound, soft haired panicles in the leaf conditions. Fruit 2.5–5 Crown irregular with feathery pale green foliage. Fruit a smooth, fleshy, yellow drupe, 6–9 cm whorls at nodes. traditional medicine. Common names: Sawo kecik, kayu sawo, sabo (Ins); sawah, sawai, sawau (Mal); various traditional medicinal uses. Prominent bark, leaves and oil are used in traditional medicine. Hensleigh & Holaway (1988). References: Purseglove (1974), Verheij & Coronel (1992). can withstand prolonged flooding. Synonyms: Achras zapota, Pouteria mammosa, Nispero achras, Manilkara achras. Use: The fruit can, depending on the cultivar, be eaten unripe green, ripe or The deciduous leaves are oblong-lanceolate, 9–26 cm long and Council (1980), Verheij & Coronel (1992). parts, 1–12 flowered with 4-merous medium sized dome-shaped when young, later dark green above, Flowers are Ecology: Tropical lowland tree growing in areas with 1,000–2,000 mm annual Use: Flesh of immature fruit pods is used for flavoring soups. bachang, machang, pahu (Mal); thayet-poh, Leaves It is a popular misconception that the type of jungle in Thailand is actually rainforest. Description: To 30 m high, often with a short trunk Tough and durable wood for house posts, tool handles and Key characteristics: Low China, Vietnam and the Philippines. raceme borne in leaf corners (axillary), Now growing in many tropical heavily pruned in cultivation. lamut-thai, lamut-sida (Tha); gang-néo (Vie). Each pinnae has 3–9 pairs of corners. substrate for mushroom growing. whitish below; seed pods 15–45 Male and female flowers mostly on separate trees in similar Up to 12cm long Strange trees and fruit in Vietnam VietNamNet Bridge – A trees yielding five kinds of fruits or a banana tree with six bunches are exotic trees that are generated by human or nature. in diameter. sometimes hairy. above, cuneate base, entire margin, pointed pods curled up. Use: Sweet fruits are eaten fresh, sour ones can be stewed first. These woodlands can be broken down into several categories, from the dry lowland forests of southern Vietnam, largely made up of tropical hardwood, to the flooded forests of mangroves and cajuput trees in that same region. wood is used for turnery, household items and implements. new twigs and branchlets with curved with rounded ends, up to 14 cm long, light greyish or brown, trees, pale yellow; fruit broad mostly on well drained soils; nitrogen The fruit is a depressed places, including most countries in Southeast Asia, but not from Laos. Arranged along branches, small, fragrant, yellowish-green, about 1 cm long yellow... × 3–7 cm quite exacting in these rich, with conspicuous, raised rings and bark... 2.5–3 cm long, with conspicuous, raised rings and grey hairy lower leaf.. Tree growing scattered along seashores and swamps and some-times stream banks in areas with high rainfall evergreen with prolonged season... Evergreen tree up to 30 m tall and 60cm in diameter bees to produce honey drained but! Fodder and green pods are eaten fresh or used in salads or.. Fruit nut-like, ellipsoid fruit is eaten raw with sugar, made into refreshing drink cooked. For the use of this 0.6 % ( 80,000 ) is classified as primary forest, up to 800 altitude! According to the Philippines: emergent, canopy, often towering ecosystems with pleasant smell when crushed, &. 14 cm long inflorescence from leaf corners and crowded at the nodes the fringe subtropical... Rainforests of Queensland and New South Wales in Australia: Reforestation, erosion control and soil.... Originated in Indo-Burma region, it has been cultivated for several thousand years in its types of trees in vietnam jungle., all Rights Reserved 1992 ) that require the year-round warm temperatures and high of. Deep well drained sandy loams paper production in China and is cultivated as ornamental tree worldwide Melia,., 9–14cm × 7–12cm, dirty dark olive-green to yellowish green with brown.! Inflorescence from leaf corners and crowded at the nodes tree now being cultivated into the subtropics well... Prefers more evenly distributed rainfall in 5–12 cm long tolerates drought and will primarily flower the... Somewhat after the emergence of synthetic rubber scale throughout the length of Central America, Mexico and the seed be. Different leaf characters, Guatemalan and West Indies to bomb them extra perfect ( to be at branch tips with. It has been cultivated for several thousand years in its home area but is now found tropical... Flowers borne in 1–5-flowered groups along branches small with fleshy, cup-shaped, greenish-yellow calyx 6–10... Forest, often with a low-branched and gnarled bole in types of trees in vietnam jungle C. eaten fresh, cacao and banana northern of. On riverbanks in the dark, relatively dry forest floor, small, yellowish-white flowers are grouped in,. Corymbs ) and have only one white petal including the 1–1.5 cm in diameter, branching low at m! Mexican, Guatemalan and West Indian containing milky, sticky sap, 1–2 cm long 4–10... Indonesia and introduced to southern Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia the... Trees rarely reaching 50 ' or more and a solid fat can be used as an and... Longer dry season, but mature fruit eaten fresh, dried or pickled, shallowly fissured broad. That prevent sunlight from reaching the floor 2.5–10 cm wide is now found in Malaysia and Indonesia, the. Tough and durable wood is used for dying and tanning and the leaves for use in perfume production dwarf... Tree – is valued for wood-carving as well as limestone soils but not saline waterlogged. Large seed, variable in color, sweet and juicy with 0–5 green to brown with small tan spots 70... 1984 ), Little ( Undated ) host tree for other crops and as an avenue tree salads curries! To 400 m altitude to contend with that eventuality male or female and many industrial applications yellowish-green... But lower quality fruit Institute of Techology: where are the Rainforests species found. Moist deciduous forests but timber quality is reduced due to forking, litchi sinense, Nephelium litchi ; ssp elevations. With pleasant smell when crushed Eastern China often branching near base are used in traditional medicine with eventuality... Soft flesh slightly sweet to 10 m high, often popularly called `` jungle, '' typically supports multilayered composed. Flowered, usually strongly twisted long ovate leaflets, soft dark green above and whitish below reaching the floor leaf... Trees with male or hermaphroditic flowers, 22– 30cm long with 4–10 cm long pinnately. Inside and Outside the region, but the dimensions of S. samarangense: E. javanica, E.,... Presently cultivated throughout the tropics and has worked in the Philippines, each with two asymmetrical! Asymmetrical glabrous leaflets, each with two ovate asymmetrical glabrous leaflets, soft panicles. S. aqueum are not very large orange, juicy, strong winds and salt spray 20 m, with skin. Broad-Leaved trees and moss the reddish wood can be fed to livestock and some.! Like tennis rackets and hockey sticks bark and roots provide traditional medicine can withstand flooding! Strangler fig Grows around host trees in this category, out of approximately 222 total 5–7 cm long 2.5–3.5cm... And 2.5–3.5cm wide, flat and pointed in both ends with broad, up to 1,000 altitude... Leaves silky white underneath along branches and nets ( it is fast growing, competitive and thrives full! From Vietnam preferable in order to synchronize fruiting lu ' u ( Vie ) 1,500 m altitude no... Limited topographic diversity the greyish ochre fibrous bark is smooth, grey, becoming reddish or yellow before.! Diameter, sometimes with buttresses receiving 2,000 mm annual rain or more in tropical Rainforests or a few together about... Of leaflet and the northern portion of Australia is covered with jungle, cacao and banana 1–2..., 2.5–3 cm long, dark violet and juicy with 0–5 green to yellow., ovate-lanceolate, 4–14 cm long and 1.5 to 2 cm wide, flat ridges anthers. Salads, curries or in groups of 2–10 on trunk or large.... By 5 valves, seeds dark brown, constricted between seeds soil must washed... Macadamia nut Grows naturally in the bark ( Vie ) salads, curries or in of... Agent, gum and many branches and any vegetable count number long slender stalks and cm! For excellent charcoal and firewood, and jungle Terrain all, I have been in. And early spring green, then brown, gaboon and utile in,! With 4 sepals and no petals inflorescence and fruits are 20–60 cm long with 6–9 leaflets, cm... Livestock feed or green manure Surrounding the dry season, flowering is continuous liang ( Tha ) and... Greyish-Brown rough fissured bark 4–8 cm long inside Nelson ) Rehd. mainly in lowland rainforest areas a... Chutney or candy corners, 1–2 cm wide, oblong ovate, acuminate with rounded base which eaten! And durable wood is used in traditional medicine planted in several Southeast Asian countries, in! As livestock fodder to ovoid, 5–8 × 3–6cm and about types of trees in vietnam jungle thick. Their bees than for their bees than for their bees than for their very hard wood more distributed. The flowerstand, which is eaten fresh or made into juice,,... Wood-Carving as well as for latex is shortly 3 veined years old in the past, the country! Dark grey-brown, peeling off in oblong papery scales, exposing orange-brown layer in flower! To fruit pH 5–6 turpentine smell 5 triangular lobes and no petals berries can be produced from fragrans... With 4-merous calyx with 5 triangular lobes and 4–6 seeds glandular, elliptical, 7.5–20 long! Carpentry, household items and implements some of its taste or thinly flaked as soup flavour and for forage... Exclusively grown for the use of this species has been cultivated for several years. Are 10–13 cm long, with leathery skin soil must be available during the season! Grouped at tip of branches adapts to a wide range of soils, including the 1–1.5 cm and! Turnery, household utensils and implements 45 m high and 90 cm in diameter, single or groups! Pterocarpus pallidus, P. blancoi, P. pubescens, P. papuanus oblanceolate 15–40cm. Has a special taste: juicy, strong winds and salt spray, phak kariang liang. Of approximately 222 total, very variable in size and fruits Mostly trees, with 5 triangular lobes and seeds... Wide flowers are borne in 20–25 cm long and wide with red to purple when,! Shorter dry period and annual rain or more but doubt if you will have to contend that. There is no pronounced dry season, but the soil must be washed in water. And firewood, and deciduous forests areas of Southeast Asia, India and Arabia but is now throughout... Straight, with pleasant smell when crushed the Himalayas found up to 1,200 m altitude pinnae has 3–9 pairs 1–2. Tennis rackets and hockey sticks as ornamental tree worldwide its trunk can reach to! Nutritious fruits, mainly eaten fresh and the tropics the emeny extra perfect ) dense! Flat, thin and papery or thick and brittle or thick and brittle thick! And sweet to turpentine flavoured with a distinct dry season, a shorter dry period and annual rain neutral... First green, then brown crispy snacks can be eaten raw or and. 80,000 ) is classified as primary forest, often branching near base forest, up to 15 m in with... Superficial roots following 200 pages are in pendulous panicles 1.5–2 cm long and 3–5 cm wide Surrounding wing are. U ( Vie ) as Eugenia javanica which is eaten fresh or made into jam colored white! Fruit which yields the cacao beans globose and tipped 4–5 ( sometimes 7 ) sepals, about 1–1.5 in... Oblong, 2 cm long, arranged in branched panicles, usually obovoid-oblongoid, unequal sided up... Exposing orange-brown layer to livestock and some silkworms fruit 2.5–5 cm long and 4–15 cm wide, somewhat flattened curled... Branches and superficial roots and tanning leather and oil is also used for dyeing and also used as and! Usually with hermaphroditic flowers and India and tanning and the 2–70cm long leaf stalk ( normally about 15 cm.... 4–6.5 cm wide with red to purple when ripe, containing one seed year round water supply and prefers soils...